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Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022

Supreme Court Forms Special Tribunal to Hear EWS Quota Case on January 5

Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022; A special bench of three judges headed by Judge D.Y. Chandrachud is expected to hear a case raising questions about the ₹ 8 lakh annual income limit criteria set to identify the economically weaker sections (EWS) of society to expand the benefits of the reserves.

  • The development came hours after Chief Justice of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana agreed to adjust the various bench combinations, set for the week, depending on the case. The other two judges of the Special Court are Judges Surya Kant and A.S. Bopanna. Union government, represented by Attorney General Tushar Mehta, issued consecutive oral subpoenas to the court on January 3-4 to hear the case expeditiously.
  • On January 3, the same day the court reopened after the Christmas recess, he saw Mehta pleading with Judge Chandrachud, who heard the EWS case, for an urgent list. Again on Tuesday, Mehta appeared in CJI court to request a hearing on the same January 5. Mehta pointed out that NEET advice has been on hold since late November due to questions raised about EWS’s fee criteria. Medical admissions were delayed and the problem needed to be resolved quickly.
  • Doctors residing in Delhi had recently staged a massive protest against the delay in consultation hours, which led to violence. Mehta presented in court that the doctors were rightly worried about their future prospects. He urged CJI to register the case on January 5.
  • During the interaction, Chief Justice Ramana said the court benches have already been set up for the entire opening week of various hearings. The EWS case was heard by a three-judge tribunal led by Judge Chandrachud as the courts sat on a two-judge combo during the week. But Mehta insisted that even a two-judge bench headed by Judge Chandrachud would be sufficient to hear the case as long as it was scheduled for Wednesday. CJI ultimately agreed in court to see if the schedule could be combined to form a special bank of three judges.
  • NEET’s board was suspended after the Union government on November 25 informed the tribunal of its “thoughtful decision” to review the “criteria” that determine the EWS. The government had requested four weeks to form a review committee, examine the matter and present a report.
  • The government’s presentation followed rounds of forensic questioning in previous hearings to reveal the rationale and study before focusing on the “exact figure” of ₹ 8 lakh as the annual income limit to identify the EWS of the company.
  • The Center had formed a review committee made up of Ajay Bhushan Pandey, former finance secretary; Professor V.K. Malhotra, Member Secretary, ICSSR; and Sanjeev Sanyal, chief economic adviser to the Indian government. The panel presented a report on December 31, supporting the income threshold of ₹ 8 lakh as the “reasonable” basis for determining the SAP.
  • “The current annual gross household of ₹ 8 lakh or less can be maintained. In other words, only families with an annual income of up to ₹ 8 lakh would be eligible to benefit from the EWS Quota, ”the report says. The committee felt that the ₹ 8 lakh criterion struck a “delicate balance” between over-inclusion and bad-inclusion.
  • “The figure ensures that the majority of low-income people who are not required to pay income tax are not excluded and are covered by the EWS and, at the same time, it should not be so high that “It becomes too inclusive by including many intermediaries who pay income taxes, and high-income families on the EWS,” the report noted.
  • The court consultation was important as the Hundred and Third Constitutional Amendment of 2019, which introduced the 10% SAP quota, is being challenged in a larger court. The amendment is contested because it makes the economic criterion the sole basis for granting reserve benefits.

“Bulli Bai” App row : engineering student in pre-trial detention until January 10

Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022; On Tuesday, a local court detained a 21-year-old engineering student arrested in the “Bulli Bai” app case in Mumbai police custody until January 10. Mumbai Cyber ​​Police detained student Vishal Kumar from Bengaluru on Monday and subsequently arrested him. After being taken to Mumbai, he was brought before the Metropolitan Magistrate of Bandra.

The police requested custody of Kumar for 10 days and also the court’s authorization to search his premises in Bangalore. After hearing arguments from the police, the magistrate detained Kumar until 10 January and also authorized the police to search his premises. The cyber cell had filed the FIR against unidentified individuals following complaints that

Photographs of hundreds of Muslim women have been uploaded for an “auction” in an application called “Bulli Bai“, hosted on the open source software platform GitHub. While there was no actual “auction” or “sale,” the app’s purpose appeared to be to humiliate and intimidate targeted women, many of whom are active social media users. The app appeared to be a Sulli Deals clone that sparked a similar row last year.

A Mumbai cyber police team also arrested a 19-year-old woman in Uttarakhand, an official said, adding that she appeared to be the main person behind the “Bulli Bai” app. She was presented to a court in Uttarakhand for pre-trial detention in transit and would later be taken to Mumbai, she said.

Increase in sales of COVID-19 home test kits worries health officials

Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022; Self-assessment kits for COVID-19 are flying off the shelves in Bengaluru as the city fears a third wave. Stores in the city have seen an increase in sales of home test kits, mostly rapid antigen tests. And to the dismay of health officials, many citizens with mild flu-like symptoms or those who have to travel frequently trust the results of these home tests.

The Union Department of Health and Family Welfare, in its recent letter to all Union states and territories, recommended the use of self-tests / home tests for symptomatic individuals. But the lack of a mechanism to capture positive cases through home tests, unless people report it themselves, is cause for concern. Although home tests have been on the market for a few months now, sales have only increased since December 2021, in the context of the Omicron scare and subsequent surge in cases.

A senior civic health official said home tests, essentially rapid antigen tests, had good accuracy with a positive result, but could be misleading with negative results. “If a person has symptoms similar to COVID-19, it is better to get an RT-PCR test even if they are negative in a home test,” he said.

A new variant of the coronavirus “IHU” identified in France

Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022; As the world grapples with the highly mutated Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2, scientists have identified a new strain of the virus responsible for COVID-19 in southern France. Known as “IHU”, variant B.1.640.2 has been reported by researchers at the IHU Mediterranee Infection Institute in at least 12 cases and has been linked to travel to an African country, Cameroon.

However, the researchers noted that it is too early to speculate on how this variant will behave when it comes to protection against infections and vaccines. The peer-review study, published in the MedRxiv preprint repository on December 29, found that the IHU has 46 mutations and 37 deletions, resulting in 30 amino acid substitutions and 12 deletions.

Amino acids are molecules that combine to form proteins, and both are the building blocks of life. Fourteen amino acid substitutions, including N501Y and E484K, and nine deletions are found in the peak protein. Most of the vaccines currently in use target the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, which the virus uses to enter and infect cells. The N501Y and E484K mutations have also previously been found in Beta, Gamma, Theta, and Omicron variants.

B.1.640.2 has not been identified in other countries so far or labeled as a variant under investigation by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the researchers, the index case (first) was an adult diagnosed positive by RTPCR performed in the laboratory on a nasopharyngeal sample taken in mid-November last year.

Epidemiologist Eric Feigl-Ding posted a lengthy Twitter thread in which he said new variants continue to emerge, but that doesn’t necessarily mean they’ll be more dangerous. Many countries are seeing an increase in COVID-19 cases due to the Omicron variant which was first identified in South Africa and Botswana in November last year. Since then, the disturbing variant has spread to more than 100 countries.

Covid Updates

Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022; The number of coronavirus cases reported in India was 3,49,70,187 at the time of this report, with a death toll of 4,82,540.

  • The Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) has approved a test kit to detect the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. The kit is made by Tata Medical and Diagnostics and is called OmiSure. The RT-PCR kit, Omisure, was previously submitted to the ICMR for approval after further testing. The kit will be used to confirm Omicron in patients with their S-Gene Target Failure (SGTF) strategy.
Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022
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Daily NEWS Summary | 04-01-2022
Daily NEWS Summary for the purpose of current affair section preparation, helpful indeed for competitive examination aspirants.

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