Modi announces the repeal of three contentious farm laws
Daily NEWS Summary | 19-11-2021; Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the repeal of three contentious farm laws, assuring farm groups who have protested against them over the past year that the legislative repeal process will be completed in the next winter session of Parliament.
Modi also announced the formation of a committee with representatives from central and state governments to analyze issues related to agriculture, such as zero budget agriculture, fertilizers, changing cultivation patterns, transparency in establishing minimum support prices, etc.
Addressing the nation on a TV broadcast, the prime minister said his government’s intentions in introducing these laws were to provide alternatives for small farmers, who made up 80% of farmers in India, to access markets and at good prices for your crops.
“I apologize, my compatriots, that despite the good intentions of my government, there may have been a mistake in our Tapasya (penance) that we were not able to convince some of our fellow farmers of the intentions of these laws, which were so pure like the light of a lamp, ”PM said, announcing the repeal.
“Previous governments had also considered such measures and we consulted various stakeholders and experts before incorporating these laws. Many farmers were happy with the reforms and we are grateful to them. We couldn’t explain to some farmers despite our best efforts. Agricultural economists, scientists and progressive farmers have also done their best to make them understand the importance of agricultural laws, ”he noted.
“Although this section is not part of the broad category of farmers, it was important for us to convince them. We tried to establish a dialogue with them, we listened to their arguments and the logic they put forward, we agreed to suspend the application of these laws for two years, and the case also went to Supreme Court. Particular sections of the laws they opposed were also deleted, but maybe something was missing somewhere that we couldn’t convince that section of farmers, ”Modi said, explaining the background to the decision taken by his government.
“On this auspicious day for Gurpurab [Guru Nanak’s birthday], I call on all protesting farmers to return home in a good mood,” he said.
The announcement of the repeal of the laws comes against the backdrop of assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab, where protests have been successful.
Agitation will continue until laws are effectively repealed in parliament, farm unions say
Daily NEWS Summary | 19-11-2021; Following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement to repeal the three controversial agricultural laws, Samyukt Kisan Morcha (SKM) announced the mobilization of large numbers of farmers to protest the sites on November 26 to mark the first anniversary of intensifying agitation against agricultural laws.
While welcoming Modi’s announcement, the farmers nonetheless said they would continue their agitation until the government withdraws the three laws in parliament. “The protest will not be withdrawn immediately, we will wait until the day the agricultural laws are repealed in Parliament. Together with the MSP, the government should also talk to farmers about other issues, ”Union leader Bharatiya Kisan (BKU) Rakesh Tikait tweeted in Hindi.
State Agriculture Minister Kailash Choudhary urged them to return home and not be inflexible as the Center responded to its demand to repeal three farm laws. Several farmers’ unions have been demonstrating at the borders of the national capital since last year to demand the repeal of three agricultural laws.
Hyderpora incident: bodies of two inhabitants exhumed and handed over to families in Srinagar for burial
Daily NEWS Summary | 19-11-2021; The administration of Jammu and Kashmir handed over the bodies of two residents to their families for burial. Altaf Bhat and Dr Mudasir Gul were among four people killed during an anti-militant operation in the Srinagar Hyderpora. The bodies were exhumed earlier around 5:30 p.m. Thursday of the two graves located on a distant mound, Wadder Zachaldara, in Handwara, in northern Kashmir, in front of a local magistrate.
Official sources said that the bodies of Bhat, owner of the building where the incident occurred, and Dr. Gul, who had rented accommodation in the building, were taken from Handwara to the Police Control Room (PCR) in Srinagar. Close relatives were also called to the RCP and the bodies were handed over to them for burial in their ancestral cemeteries in Srinagar, authorities said.
Bhat and Gul’s family sources said the bodies would be buried before dawn in the Barzalla and Pirbagh cemeteries. While relatives and residents awaited the arrival of the bodies, emotional scenes were observed in both residences.
Srinagar Mayor Junaid Azim Mattu, while confirming that the bodies had been exhumed in Handwara previously, said: “This is the first step in ensuring that justice is served in this case. I also hope that the masterful investigation will now be transformed into a judicial investigation.
However, the body of the third murdered local, Amir Magray, son of Abdul Latief Magray, who won the Bravery Award for killing an activist with a stone, has not yet been exhumed or returned to the family.
Previously, Article 144, which prohibits gatherings of more than five people, had been imposed in three villages in Magray’s birthplace, Ramban. The Magray, Bhat and Gul families had contradicted police claims that they had been shot to death during a meeting or had ties to the militants. They accused the security forces of organizing the meeting and using civilians as a human shield. J&K management has already ordered an investigation into the incident.
Allahabad High Court urges the Center to speed up the Uniform Civil Code
Daily NEWS Summary | 19-11-2021; Stating that the Uniform Civil Code “is a necessity and a mandatory requirement today,” the Allahabad High Court called on the central government to immediately start the implementation process.
The UCC “cannot be made” purely voluntary “as Dr. BR Ambedkar observed 75 years ago, given the apprehension and fear expressed by members of the minority community,” Judge Suneet Kumar said on November 18, that the Center consider the constitution of a committee or commission for the implementation of the mandate of Article 44, as indicated by the Supreme Court.
“A common civil code will help the cause of national integration by eliminating disparate allegiances to laws that have conflicting ideologies. No community is likely to call the cat making free concessions on this topic. It is the State that has the duty to guarantee a uniform civil code for the citizens of the country and, without a doubt, it has the legislative competence to do so, ”the court observed.
Judge Kumar made the observations upon hearing a set of 17 petitions submitted by interreligious couples, who were married upon conversion, seeking the protection of their lives, freedom and privacy guaranteed by Article 21, to live independently as a man and a woman without interference from your family or others. The plaintiffs feared that their life and freedom would be threatened by their parents, relatives and other members of their family in collusion with the state apparatus.
Noting that there has been a sharp increase in inter-community, inter-religious and inter-religious marriages and relationships, which has skyrocketed especially in recent decades, the court said that since 1950 society has evolved considerably and relationships are inter-religious -Culture , among others, added to the increase in the number of single women, requires a complete Family Code in accordance with the evolution of the times.
In granting relief to the 17 interfaith couples, the court also said that the registrar did not have the power to reject the marriage registration simply because the parties had not obtained the necessary approval for the conversion of district authority.
The court noted that the new law against UP conversion, which was introduced by the Yogi Adityanath-led government last year, does not in itself prohibit interfaith marriage, but requires approval by the authorities.
“Said approval is from the board of directors and not mandatory. If interpreted otherwise, the law (Uttar Pradesh Law for the Prevention of Illicit Conversion of Religion, 2021) would fail the test of reasonableness and fairness, and would not pass sections 14 and 21, ”the court said.
The HC, although it allowed the requests, observed that the consent of the family or the community or the clan or the state or the executive is not necessary, once two adults agree to enter into a legal and legal marriage.
“Your consent must have divine primacy, with grace and dignity. The marriage officer / registrar cannot refuse to register a duly performed marriage and / or require conversion approval from the district authority, ”the court said.
Believing that “the intimacy of marriage lies in a central area of privacy, which is inviolable”, Judge Kumar said: “The absolute right of an individual to choose a life partner is not affected in any way. by questions of faith ”.
Austria will enter lockdown, bring compulsory vaccines
Daily NEWS Summary | 19-11-2021; Austrian Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg said the country would enter a nationwide lockdown to contain a fourth wave of coronavirus cases. Schallenberg said the lockdown will begin on Monday and initially last for 10 days. Most stores will close and cultural events will be canceled.
He first said that all students should go back to homeschooling. Wolfgang Mueckstein, the country’s health minister, later said kindergartens and schools would remain open for those who were due to attend, but all parents were urged to keep their children at home if possible. From February 1, the country will also make vaccinations mandatory, public broadcaster ORF reported.
Austrian intensive care doctors welcomed the government’s decision. In the past seven days, the country has reported more than 10,000 new cases of infection per day. Hospitals have been overwhelmed with many new patients with COVID-19 and deaths have also increased again. So far, 11,525 people have died from the virus in Austria.
Austria, a country of 8.9 million people, has one of the lowest vaccination rates in Western Europe: only 65.7% of the population is fully vaccinated. Despite all the persuasion and campaigning, very few people have decided to get vaccinated, Schallenberg said, leaving the country with no choice but to introduce mandatory vaccines in February.
The Chancellor said details would be finalized in the coming weeks, but those who continue to refuse to be vaccinated would have to wait to be fined. “For a long time, the consensus in this country was that we didn’t want mandatory vaccination,” Schallenberg said. “For a long time, maybe too long.”
Covid Updates: The number of coronavirus cases reported in India was 3,44,89,110 at the time of this report, with a death toll of 465,079.