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Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021

Supreme Court gives government two weeks to appoint all courts, accuses Center of cherry picking

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; On Wednesday, the Supreme Court charged the Center with “cherry-picking” names for court appointments, complaining about a backlog and being left almost inactive by long-standing vacancies.

A special bench of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India N.V. Ramana, Judges D.Y. Chandrachud and L. Nageswara Rao “held hands” in filing contempt charges against the government and gave the government two weeks to make appointments in “all courts.”

Business has been put off for months. There was no manpower to form banks. The litigants were forced to go to other distant states where there were at least a few members of the court available to hear their cases.

The judiciary spoke with Attorney General KK Venugopal about how the government has left behind the hard work of search and selection committees headed by Supreme Court justices tasked with interviewing and selecting suitable candidates for the courts.

The government chose some names from the final “selection” list prepared by the committee, then proceeded to nominate a few more names on the “waiting” list, the Chief Justice said.

Justice Chandrachud highlighted the case of debt collection courts that have become almost inoperative due to the weight of their vacations.

In one of the courts, the Judiciary said, the selection committee interviewed 534 candidates for judicial members and another 400 for technical members. A list was handed out. But the government chose some from the selection list and some from the waiting list.

Chief Justice Ramana spoke about how a Supreme Court judge, who headed a court selection committee, traveled across the country to conduct appointments for appointments during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the government did not make any appointments.

The CJI emphasized that according to the latest appointment orders, judicial members would only have a one-year term. Lead attorney Arvind Datar said the latest appointment letters to the court issued by the government under the new 2021 judicial reform law showed that members had terms of four years or up to 67 years or “until further notice.”

Justice Chandrachud noted that the Center had made the latest court appointments based on the same provisions that were recently declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

NCLAT Acting Chief Exit Case Concerns “Premature” Replacement: CJI

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana asked Attorney General K.K. Venugopal receive instructions from the government and be present when the court hears a petition on September 16 regarding the release of Judge A.I.S. Cheema as Acting President of the National Court of Appeals for Company Law (NCLAT). Lead counsel Arvind Datar raised the issue orally before the CJI Court on September 14.

Speaking to the Attorney General, Chief Justice Ramana said the case concerned the “premature” replacement of Judge Cheema as Acting Chairman of NCLAT days before his term expired on September 20.

The CJI said it appeared that the relevant government department acted “hastily.” “I don’t know how he’s doing…” he observed. Justice M. Venugopal, a former Madras High Court judge, replaced Judge Cheema as Acting President of NCLAT effective September 11. the retirement of the regular NCLAT president, Judge SJ Mukhopadhaya, in March of last year.

Cabinet approves emergency plan for telecommunications sector

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; The Union Cabinet approved nine structural reforms and five process reforms for the telecommunications sector, aimed at alleviating companies like Vodafone Idea that have to pay billions of rupees in past unfunded statutory contributions.

  • The wide range of proposed measures involves reforms for the crisis sector through the granting of a moratorium on unpaid fees, the prospective redefinition of adjusted gross income (AGR) and the reduction of spectrum fees.
  • Telecommunications Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said non-telecommunications revenues will be taken out of the AGR. “PM made a bold decision about AGR (Adjusted Gross Income) today. A decision has been taken to streamline the definition of AGR, ”he told media after the Cabinet meeting.
  • The penalty and interest regime on various license fees and charges has been streamlined, completely eliminating fines and reducing interest. Future spectrum auctions will run for 30 years, compared to 20 years currently.
  • The ministry will also allow companies to transfer spectrum after paying a fixed fee in the event of a change in the business environment. Spectrum exchange has been fully authorized. The Union Cabinet also approved 100% of automatic foreign direct investment in the telecommunications sector.
  • The government has approved a four-year moratorium on fees for telecommunications service providers. However, they will have to pay interest. Vaishnaw said the reforms are applicable from October 1 and none of them are retroactive. “There will be more reforms when the 5G spectrum is auctioned,” he added.
  • The aid plan for the telecommunications sector will be a respite for the three private players at a time when Vodafone Idea is facing an existential crisis.

NCRB report reveals 28% increase in case registrations in 2020

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; There was a 28% increase in case registrations in 2020 compared to 2019, mainly due to violations of COVID-19 regulations across the country.

  • A jump of nearly 21 times was recorded for disobeying the order duly promulgated by the official, and more than four times for violating other local state laws, according to a report by the National Office of Criminal Records (NCRB).
  • Crimes against cataloged castes, with a total of 50,291 cases, showed an increase of 9.4%. Simple damages with 32.9% (16,543) represented the largest share, followed by cases under the SC / ST law (prevention of atrocities) with 8.5% (4,273) and cases of criminal intimidation. with 7.5% (3,788), according to the report. .
  • A total of 8,272 cases were opened for crimes against the listed tribes: an increase of 9.3% compared to 2019. Simple damages (2,247) represented 27.2%, followed by rape with 13.7% (1,137) and assault on women with intent to insult. her. modesty with 10.7% (885).
  • Sedition cases fell from 93 in 2019 to 73 last year, with Manipur reporting 15 cases, Assam 12, Karnataka eight, Uttar Pradesh seven, Haryana six, Delhi five and Kashmir two case.
  • A total of 66.01.285 recognizable offenses, comprising over 42.54 lakh of Indian Penal Code (IPC) violations and over 23.46 lakh of Special and Local Law (SLL) violations, were recorded in 2020 , according to the report. Indeed, there has been a decrease in the recording of traditional crimes in about two lakh of cases.

“It shows an increase of 14,45,127 (28.0%) of the case register compared to 2019 (51,56,158 cases). The crime rate recorded per lakh of population increased from 385.5 in 2019 to 487.8 in 2020. In 2020, IPC case registration increased by 31.9%, while SLL crimes increased by 21.6% in 2019, ”

says the report.

While the country remained completely closed from March 25 to May 31 of last year during the first wave of COVID-19, cases of crimes against women, children and the elderly, theft, theft, robbery and robbery have decreased.

Murder cases showed a marginal increase of 1% to 29,193. Various types of disputes were found to be the motive for most murder cases, followed by “personal revenge or enmity” and “gain”.

NTA announces 87.89 as cut-off score for JEE Advanced 2021

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; Students scoring over 87.89 on the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE-Main) will be eligible to apply for the Entrance Examination for admission to elite Indian Institutes of Technology, announced the National Testing Agency on September 15.

The Common Ranking List cut-off score for General Category students is lower than last year’s score of 90.37.

Of the 44 students who scored at the 100th percentile, seven were from Telangana and Delhi. Using the tie-breaking rules, it was determined that 18 students would share the highest ranking this year, including four from Andhra Pradesh, the highest among the states. Overall, 9.39 lakhs of students took the exam, almost one lakh less than last year’s 10.23 lakh.

This year’s exam was marred by an alleged fraud scandal at a center in Sonepat, Haryana, where computers were hacked to provide illegal assistance to students who paid up to 15 rupees. So far, 11 people have been arrested and a CBI investigation is underway.

JEE Main is used as an entrance test for admission to engineering degree programs at the National Institutes of Technology and various other central, public and private institutions. The top ranked applicants with 2.5 lakhs are also eligible to participate in the JEE Advanced, which is the elite entrance test of the Indian Institutes of Technology, which will take place on October 3. Registration for JEE Advanced will open on September 15.

This year’s Common Range List cutoff score of 87.89 is more than two points below last year’s threshold of 90.37. For students in the economically weaker sections, the threshold is 66.22; for those of the other backward classes, it is 68.02; for those in the caste category listed, it is 46.88; and for those of the communities of the enumerated tribes, it is 34.67. The thresholds for all these categories are significantly lower than last year.

Students can check their scores and final answers at https://jeemain.nta.nic.in/.

This year, the computer-based exam has been offered four times, with the last two sessions being postponed due to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Students were allowed to take the exam as often as they wanted, and their best score was used for ranking purposes. Over 2.5 lakh chose to try all four sessions. Of the total 9.39 lakh students who took the test, 70% were male.

Financial offers received for the divestment of Air India; Tatas among the suitors

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021; The government announced today that it has received several financial offers for the purchase of the national airline Air India. Meanwhile, a Tata Sons spokesperson told PTI that he made an offer for the airline.

The government seeks to sell 100% of its stake in the state-owned national airline, including Air India’s 100% stake in AI Express Ltd and 50% in Air India SATS Airport Services Private Ltd.

The share sale process, which began in January 2020, has experienced delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In April 2021, the government asked potential bidders to submit financial offers. September 15 was the last day to present economic offers.

The Tata group was one of several entities that had made a first expression of interest (EoI) in December 2020 for the purchase of the Maharaja. As previous attempts since 2017 did not generate significant interest and after receiving comments from potential investors, the government relaxed in October last year the EoI clause related to the transfer of Air India’s debt to the new investor, giving bidders the flexibility in deciding how much of a colossal debt they want to absorb.

According to Air India’s EoI issued by the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) in January 2020, on the total debt of the airline of 60,074 crore as of March 31, 2019, the buyer should absorb 23,286.5 crore. The remainder would be transferred to Air India Assets Holding Ltd (AIAHL), a special purpose vehicle.

Air India has been at a loss since its merger with national carrier Indian Airlines in 2007. The airline, which was formed by Tatas as a postman in 1932, will award the successful bidder control of 4,400 seats. 1,800 international. in national airports, as well as 900 slots in overseas airports.

In addition, the bidder would obtain 100% of the Air India Express low-cost branch and 50% of AISATS, which provides cargo and ground handling services at major airports in India.

Covid Updates: The number of reported coronavirus cases in India stood at 3,333,417,357 at the time of publication of this bulletin, with a death toll of 4,435,895.

Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021
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Daily NEWS Summary | 15-09-2021
Daily NEWS Summary for the purpose of current affair section preparation, helpful indeed for competitive examination aspirants.

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