Pegasus row causes multiple disruptions at Lok Sabha
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; The Pegasus spy controversy sparked multiple outages at Lok Sabha on Tuesday before it was suspended for the day. In what appeared to be a different strategy than that of the opposition parties for the two houses, the debates in the lower house were eliminated when Rajya Sabha discussed Covid-19 after a few hours of interruption in the morning.
- With various views from Lok Sabha members such as Manish Tewari, Manickam Tagore and Gaurav Gogoi for the suspension of routine business to discuss the espionage controversy, the opposition had made their intentions clear on the second day of the monsoon session.
- Trinamool Congress leaders also gave a suspension notice after the name of Lok Sabha party member Abhishek Banerjee, who is also the nephew of West Bengal’s Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, was on the target list.
- From the start of the Lok Sabha proceedings at 11 a.m., Congress and Trinamool began waving slogans and displaying anti-government posters. While some signs showed former congressional leader Rahul Gandhi appearing on target lists, another spoke of Banerjee.
- One of the signs in Hindi said that while people are suffering from unemployment, the government is dealing with jasoosi (espionage). Members of the YSR Congress Party reported on the issue of special status for Andhra Pradesh.
- The process lasted just five minutes and the Chamber was suspended until 2 in the afternoon. When it resumed, similar scenes were observed, prompting the Presidency to adjourn again for an hour.
- Shortly after the House meeting at 3 p.m., members of the opposition again began using slogans on the Pegasus issue and the Presidency adjourned it for the day. The Lok Sabha will now meet on Thursday.
Pegasus spying may have helped topple the Congressional-JD (S) government in Karnataka in 2019
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; In the run-up to the overthrow of the opposition-led state government in Karnataka in July 2019, the phone numbers of Deputy Chief Minister G. Parameshwara and the personal secretaries of Prime Minister HD Kumaraswamy and former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah were selected as possible surveillance targets, according to the news site The Wire, which examined the records of numbers of interest for an Indian client of the Israeli group NSO.
In response to the events, Congress said that the BJP used Pegasus spyware to execute “Operation Lotus” and overthrew the state government.
United States Condemns “Extrajudicial Surveillance” of Journalists, Activists, and Critics of the Regime
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; The Biden administration condemned the harassment and “extrajudicial surveillance” of journalists and others in response to information published by a consortium of news websites that spyware from the Israeli company NSO Group, Pegasus, has been used for piracy and illegal surveillance of people in India and other countries.
- It wasn’t until Monday that US President Joe Biden declared that China and Russia “protect” and “even accommodate” hackers and their hacking.
- Pegasus reports indicate that, in addition to actually or potentially targeting journalists, opposition leaders in India and others, a database of phone numbers believed to belong to the NSO group contained the numbers of two US control centers and disease prevention (CDC) in New Delhi and employees of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
SC gives Manipur two weeks to respond to a militant father’s claim for compensation
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; The Supreme Court gave the Manipur government two weeks on Tuesday to respond to a claim for compensation brought by the father of activist Erendra Leichongbam, who was detained for two months under the National Security Act (NSA) for his Facebook posts. who questioned the effectiveness of cow manure and urine as a cure for Covid-19 in the death of a BJP leader from the coronavirus.
- A bench by D.Y. Chandrachud and M.R. Shah ordered the state to release Leichongbam “immediately” on Monday, saying he should not spend another night in prison.
- On Tuesday, Manipur Attorney General Tushar Mehta tried to remain silent on the case.
- He said the activist was released immediately after the Supreme Court order.
- But Judge Chandrachud said “this is a serious matter” when it comes to personal freedom. “Someone lost their freedom for more than two months. This is a serious matter, Mr. Mehta,” he commented.
- Mehta said the activist could have resorted to “legal recourse” and this petition was only filed after months.
- Lawyer Shadan Farasat, representing Leichongbam’s father, L. Raghumani Singh, said the petition submitted by his client consisted of two sentences.
- First, annul the May 17 arrest warrant issued by the district magistrate of Imphal Oeste district against his son and, second, the payment of compensation for his detention.
- On Monday, Farasat argued that the government is increasingly using pre-trial detention provisions in cases where even ordinary criminal provisions are not enforced.
- He claimed that Facebook posts criticized the defense of cow manure and urine as a remedy. Strict NSA provisions were imposed on the activist to chill his freedom of speech.
Majority SC overturns part of 97th constitutional amendment on cooperatives
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; On July 20, the Supreme Court, in a 2: 1 majority verdict, upheld the validity of the 97th Constitutional Amendment dealing with issues related to the effective management of cooperative societies, but repealed a part inserted by it which relates to the Constitution. and the functioning of cooperative societies.
- A bench of R.F. Nariman, K.M. Joseph and B.R. Gavai, who delivered the verdict, said: “We have repealed Part IX B of the Constitution relating to cooperative societies, but we have kept the amendment.
- Judge Nariman said: “Judge Joseph delivered a partially dissenting verdict and quashed the entire 97th Constitutional Amendment.”
- The 97th Constitutional Amendment, which dealt with issues related to the effective management of cooperative societies in the country, was approved by Parliament in December 2011 and entered into force on February 15, 2012.
- The amendment to the Constitution amended Article 19 (1) (c) to afford protection to cooperatives and inserted Article 43 B and Part IX B, which relate to it.
- The Center considered that the provision does not deprive states of their power to pass laws relating to cooperatives.
- The High Court’s verdict came on the Center’s statement challenging the 2013 Gujarat High Court ruling overturning certain provisions of the 97th Constitutional Amendment, while ruling that Parliament cannot enact laws regarding cooperative societies because it is a matter of state.
Left-wing rural teacher declared president-elect in Peru
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; Rural teacher turned political recruit Pedro Castillo became the winner of Peru‘s presidential elections after the country’s longest electoral count in 40 years.
- Castillo, whose supporters included poor and rural Peruvians, defeated right-wing politician Keiko Fujimori by just 44,000 votes. Election officials released the final official results on Monday, more than a month after the second round was held in the South American nation.
- With a pencil the size of a cane, the symbol of his Peru Free party, Castillo popularized the expression “No more poor in a rich country”.
- Peru’s economy, the world’s second-largest producer of copper, has been crushed by the coronavirus pandemic, bringing the level of poverty to nearly a third of the population and wiping out a decade’s gains.
- Castillo has pledged to use revenues from the mining sector to improve public services, including education and health, whose shortcomings have been highlighted by the pandemic.
- Since he surprised Peruvians and observers by qualifying for the second round of the presidential election, Castillo has softened his first proposals on the nationalization of multinational mining and gas companies.
- Instead, his campaign said he was considering raising taxes on profits because of high copper prices, which exceed $ 10,000 a tonne.
- Historians say he is the first peasant to rise to the presidency of Peru, where indigenous peoples have so far almost always received the worst of poor public services, despite the nation’s boasting of being Latin America’s economic star. during the first two decades of the century.
Blue Origin’s Jeff Bezos arrives in space on first passenger flight
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; Jeff Bezos exploded in space on Tuesday during his rocket company’s first flight with people on board, becoming the second billionaire in just over a week to pilot his own spacecraft.
- The Amazon founder was Accompanied by a hand-picked group: they are his brothers, an 18-year-old Dutchman and an 82-year-old Texan-born aviation pioneer – the youngest and oldest to have I never flew in space
- Named after America’s first astronaut, Blue Origin’s New Shepard rocket lifted off from West Texas on the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing, a date Bezos chose for its historical significance.
- He held his own, even as Virgin Galactic’s Richard Branson pushed his own flight from New Mexico into the race for space tourism dollars and won it in the space of nine days.
- Unlike Branson’s manned rocket plane, Bezos’s capsule was fully automated and required no official personnel on board for the planned 10-minute top-to-bottom flight.
- Blue Origin was turning at an altitude of about 66 miles (106 kilometers), more than 10 miles (16 kilometers) higher than Branson’s trip on July 11.
- The 60-foot (18-meter) thruster accelerated to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound to carry the capsule high enough, before splitting and targeting a vertical landing.
- Passengers must have had three to four minutes of weightlessness to float around the spacious white capsule. Then the window-filled capsule would make its way to a parachute landing on the desert floor, and Bezos and his guests briefly experienced nearly six times the force of gravity, or 6G, on the way back.
Daily NEWS Summary | 20-07-2021; The number of reported coronavirus cases in India stood at 3,11,86,841 at the time of this bulletin, with a death toll of 4,18,226.
- While two-thirds of the general population had antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, a third do not, leaving about 40 million people still vulnerable to infections, the Indian Council’s executive director said Balram Bhargava.
- Presenting the results of the fourth national COVID serosurvey, Dr. Bhargava said that antibody-free states, districts, and areas were at risk of waves of infection.
- The survey found that more than half of the children (ages 6 to 17) were HIV positive, while seroprevalence was similar in rural and urban areas.
- It was also found that 85% of healthcare workers (TS) had antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, while a tenth of healthcare workers were not vaccinated, he said.