26th September 2021

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CBSE reduced Syllabus

The Central Board of Secondary Education has made a significant reduction in the curriculum for the next school year 2020-21 from class 9 to 12. The Minister of Human Resources, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, has announced that the CBSE has reduced its 30% study program for the new academic year 2020-21 on July 7, which was soon followed by an official notification from the CBSE on this subject.

Removed Chapters

  • Federalism, citizenship, nationalism and secularism from class 11 political science subject.
  • Planning commission and five-year plans, India relations with its neighbours: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and other regional aspirations from class 12th political science subject.
  • Complete chapter on Social and New Social Movements in India from class 12th political science paper.
  • Demonetisation from class 12th Business Studies subject.
  • Colonialism and the countryside colonial cities and understanding partition from class 12th History subject.
  • Complete topic on GST from class 11th Business Studies subject.
  • Complete chapters on population, democratic rights and food security in India from class 9th social science subject.
  • A chapter on Stree Siksha ke Virodhi Kutarko ka Khandan by Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi has been deleted from class 10th Hindi subject.
  • Chapters on Heat engine and refrigerator, heat, temperature, heat transfer- conduction, convection and radiation from class 11th Physics subject.
  • Chapters from carbon resistors, colour code for carbon, Davission- Germer experiment, radioactivity from class 12th Physics paper.
  • Magnetic Effects of Electric Current: Electric Generator, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits from class 10th physics paper.
  • Chapters on Metals and non- metals, heredity and evolution, functioning of a lens in the human eye, sources of energy, from class 10th Science subject.
  • Growth of education sector in India, alternative farming- organic farming from class 12th Economic paper.

Backdrop of this reducement

  • Given the pandemic and the current deadlock situation and the loss of teaching time it creates, the CBSE has reduced the program for classes 9 to 12 using suggestions from the NCERT.
  • Previously, the CBSE program was slightly reduced at the beginning of April, mainly in the practical parts, but as the blockade continued and the COVID-19 pandemic worsened, the Council decided to cancel a larger part of the program to reduce the stress and anxiety in students.
  • Seeking to “rationalize” the curriculum for grades 9-12, the Central Council for Secondary Education (CBSE) has completely removed the sections on citizenship, nationalism, secularism, understanding partition and democratic rights on several subjects, reveals an analysis of documents uploaded to the council’s website.

Highlights

  • Among the five chapters removed from the social sciences from class 9 are democratic rights, which, according to the jury, have been entirely removed.
  • In addition, the chapters on democracy and diversity, gender, religion and caste, struggles and popular movements and forests and wildlife are removed for the same subject in class 10.
  • In class 11, the chapters on peasants, zamindars and the State, Understanding the partition and the sections on “The country’s rebellion: Bombay Deccan” and “Deccan Riot Commission”, which are based on the agitation of farmers against lenders, have been deleted.
  • Topics such as federalism, the need for local government, the growth of local government in India, which are framed in a section called Indian Constitution at Work, have been removed from the topic of political science in class 11.
  • Also among the casualties on the same theme are issues like citizenship, nationalism and secularism.
  • With regard to sociology, the chapters on social structure, stratification and social processes and the environment and society have been deleted for class 11.

The announcement came a few days after the CBSE published a notice to its accredited schools on July 2 to offer students who failed in class 9 and class 11 another opportunity to sit for the final exams.

In an official statement, the CBSE said: “School principals and teachers can ensure that the topics that have been reduced are also explained to students to the extent necessary to link different topics. However, the reduced program will not be part of the internal evaluation and end-of-year exam subjects.”

Recently, the other central council, the Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), announced that it would cut its curriculum for grades 10 and 12 by 25 percent to “compensate for the loss of hours of teaching during the current session 2020-21”

In an official statement, the CBSE said: “School principals and teachers can ensure that the topics that have been reduced are also explained to students to the extent necessary to link different topics. However, the reduced program will not be part of the internal evaluation and end-of-year exam subjects.”

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