Midday meals improve the health of the next generation, study finds
Daily NEWS Summary | 18-07-2021; Girls who had access to free meals provided in public schools had children with a higher height-to-age ratio than those who did not, new study on intergenerational benefits of India’s lunch program finds published in Nature Communications this week.
- Using nationally representative data on cohorts of mothers and their children spanning 23 years, the paper showed that in 2016, the prevalence of stunting was significantly lower in areas where the midday program was was implemented in 2005.
- More than one in three Indian children are stunted or too short for their age, reflecting chronic malnutrition.
- The fight against stunting has often focused on improving the nutrition of young children, but nutritionists have long argued that maternal health and well-being is the key to reducing stunting in their children.
- Noting that “interventions aimed at improving maternal stature and education must be implemented years before these girls and young women become mothers,” the study attempted an intergenerational analysis, the first of its kind, of the impacts of a mass feeding program.
- The paper was written by a researcher from the University of Washington and economists and nutrition experts from the International Food Policy Research Institute.
- It found that the midday meal program was associated with 13-32% of the improvement in India’s height-for-age (HAZ) z scores between 2006 and 2016.
- The links between midday meals and less stunting in the next generation were strongest in the lower socioeconomic strata and are likely to work through women’s education, fertility and the use of health services. health, according to the document.
- The Mid-Day meal scheme was launched in 1995 to provide children in public schools with a free cooked meal with a minimum energy content of 450 kcal, but only 6% of girls between 6 and 10 years old had benefited from the plan in 1999. In 2011, with an expansion of the budget and implementation by the state following a Supreme Court order, coverage increased to 46%.
- The study followed nationally representative cohorts of mothers by year of birth and socioeconomic status to show how exposure to the program reduced stunting in their children.
Danish Siddiqui to be buried in Jamia Millia Islamia cemetery
Daily NEWS Summary | 18-07-2021; Assassinated photojournalist Danish Siddiqui will be buried in Jamia Millia Islamia cemetery, according to a statement released on July 18.
“Jamia Millia Islamia [JMI] vice-chancellor has accepted the request of the family of the late Danish photojournalist Siddiqui to bury his body in the JMI cemetery intended exclusively for university employees, their spouses and their minor children,”said the university in the press release.
- Siddiqui had done his masters at university. His father Akhtar Siddiqui was the dean of the faculty of education there. Danish Siddiqui studied at the JMI Mass Communication Research Center (MCRC) from 2005 to 2007.
- JMI MCRC Director of Refereeing said: “The Danish was one of the brightest stars in our hall of fame and a proactive alumnus who kept coming back to his alma mater to share his work and his experiences with students. He will be sorely missed, but we are determined to keep his memory alive.
- “Professor Sabeena Gadihoke said her photographs were strong, but never compromised the dignity of those in their frame.” image and to give dignity and thanks to its subjects ”, he added.
In a move that goes against its own earlier judgment, SC considers limiting its role as a policy watchdog.
Daily NEWS Summary | 18-07-2021; The resolution voiced by a divisional chamber of the Supreme Court in July to “examine” the extent to which the judiciary can challenge government policies on Covid-19 contradicts the ruling of the three-judge court in May, which ruled that the courts cannot remain “silent spectators when the constitutional rights of citizens are violated by executive policies.”
- The judgment of May 31 of a court of judges of the Supreme Court D.Y. Chandrachud, L. Nageswara Rao, and S. Ravindra Bhat are associated with the Center’s reversal of its dual vaccine pricing policy.
- On July 14, a chamber of judges Vineet Saran and Dinesh Maheshwari said the courts should not undermine the executive at a time when a “collective effort” was needed to overcome the public health crisis.
- “Can the court tell the executive to obtain the formula (for the vaccines) from foreign companies or to decide the number of ventilators … These are times of crisis in which everyone has to do it? Watch out … this? Executive has the advantage of experts with their specialized knowledge … We will hear presentations on how far the constitutional courts should go on these matters … How far we should repress ourselves, Judge Saran observed orally.
- “There are certain standards upon which every institution must operate,” Judge Maheshwari noted.
- The oral comments of the First Instance Division hardly merge with the observations made under the subtitle “Separation of powers” in the May ruling drawn up by Judge Chandrachud to the effect that a public health crisis like Covid-19 does not mean that the Constitution should be “kept aside and forgotten” by the Government.
- Judge Saran Bench was hearing an appeal by the Uttar Pradesh government against a May 17 Allahabad High Court order describing the medical system in small towns and villages in the state during the pandemic as “Ram Bharose” (at the mercy of the gods).
Covid Updates: The number of coronavirus cases reported in India was 3,114,648 at the time of publication of this bulletin, with a death toll of 4,13,796.