Immediately eliminate the cases registered under section 66A repealed IT Act: the Home Ministry notifies the states and UT
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; The Home Ministry Office (MHA) on Wednesday asked the states and territories of the union to immediately withdraw the cases registered under the repealed Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, days after the Supreme Court expressed its shock that it was invoked even six years after the Supreme Court had reversed. that.
- The Supreme Court considered it “distressing”, “shocking” and terrible “that the provision, considered unconstitutional and a violation of freedom of expression in the Shreya Singhal judgment drafted by Judge Rohinton F. Nariman on March 24, 2015, is still in use.
- In a notice, the MHA asked the authorities of the states and territories of the Union to order all police stations not to register cases under the repealed provision and to sensitize law enforcement officials on compliance with the order issued by the Supreme Court.
- Before the Supreme Court ruling, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technologies, by letter of January 2019, and the MHA, by means of two letters of January and April 2019, had asked the States and UTs to sensitize the police services and local police authorities in strict respect of the Court’s directive.
- The ministries have also said that all such cases, if any, should be dropped.
Taking cognizance, the Supreme Court asked the U.P. clarify position on Kanwar Yatra during a pandemic
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; On July 14, the Supreme Court heard suo motu of the Uttar Pradesh government’s decision to go ahead with the annual Kanwar Yatra amid fears of a third wave of the pandemic.
- A bench headed by Judge Rohinton F. Nariman referred to reports that the U.P. he was pushing for the yatra even though Uttarakhand had suspended him. The annual pilgrimage witnesses a large flow of pilgrims who established bivouacs in Delhi and the northern belt of the country.
- The court said it wanted state governments to clarify their position on the yatra’s conduct amid a public health crisis. The yatra will begin on July 25.
- The court sent a notification to the Center, U.P. and Uttarakhand and asked them to submit their responses early for the House to consider the case on July 16.
The Supreme Court agrees to consider a new motive that challenges the sedition law
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; The Supreme Court will consider a petition filed by a retired army general, who said that a nearly 60-year-old court ruling that helped survive sedition in India’s penal code was overdue and needed to be reformed.
- A bench run by Chief Justice of India (CJI) NV Ramana on Wednesday registered the case for hearing on July 15 and asked Major General SG Vombatkere (Retired), represented by attorneys PB Suresh and S. Prasanna, to deliver a copy of your petition to Attorney General KK Venugopal.
- The plaintiff argues that the 1962 judgment in the Kedar Nath case, which upheld Article 124A (sedition), a relic of colonial heritage, was delivered at a time when doctrines such as “the paralyzing effect on freedom of expression were unknown.”
“The doctrine of the ‘chilling effect’ in speech considers the probability that a legal provision creates psychological barriers in the free exercise of the law … This doctrine was not sufficiently developed in 1962. Even in the United States, the doctrine was established until 1967 … The most concrete statement about a statutory provision causing a paralyzing effect on speech is as recent as 2015 in Shreya Singhal v. Union of India ”,Plaintiff presented.
- The Kedar Nath ruling came at a time when the breadth, scope and interdependence of fundamental rights such as freedom, equality and dignity were “quite restrictive”, according to the allegation.
- In the ruling, the court ruled that without section 124A, the state would be in danger if the government were overthrown.
- However, it stated that section 124A would only apply to expressions that were intended or tended to provoke violence. The maximum penalty is life imprisonment. The offense was classified as “recognizable” and “not subject to bail.”
- This trial could hardly be considered today as a beacon, argued the petitioner. He referred to recent Supreme Court rulings decriminalizing homosexuality and declaring privacy a fundamental right as a testament to how times and attitudes have undergone “drastic change” over the years.
- “The Constitution is a living document. All constitutional provisions must be interpreted in the light of the passage of time and the development of the law, ” it said.
- The petition stated that Section 124A criminalized expression based on vague terms such as “disaffection with government”, “contempt for government” and so on.
- “The provision, using expressions such as disaffection and contempt for the government, which are incapable of a precise definition, causes a chilling effect on speech, constituting an unconstitutional infringement of the right to freedom of expression”, it declared.
Meanwhile, Haryana police raise sedition charges against protesting farmers
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; Haryana police have raised sedition charges against a group of protesting farmers who allegedly attacked and damaged the official vehicle of Haryana Vice President Ranbir Gangwa in Sirsa on July 11, during a demonstration against the agricultural laws of the Center and the leaders of the BJP.
- Sirsa’s Chief Superintendent of Police, Arpit Jain, confirmed that charges of sedition have been brought against the accused under section 124A of the Indian Penal Code and that an investigation is underway. “So far, no arrests have been made in this case,” he said on Wednesday.
- Sirsa police registered the FIR under section 124A (sedition), 307 (attempted murder) and 186 (obstructing an official in the performance of public functions), in which two farmer leaders, Harcharan Singh and Prahlad Singh, were recorded. Apart from them, more than 100 unidentified people have been registered.
- On July 11, the vice president’s official car was attacked in Sirsa by a group of protesters shouting slogans and waving black flags.
- During the demonstration, demonstrators reportedly smashed the windshields of stoned vehicles. Gangwa, however, escaped unscathed.
- In response to FIR, Samyukt Kisan Morcha (SKM) chief executive Darshan Pal said the government was trying to provoke farmers into taking such steps. “By raising charges of sedition, the government is provoking the farmers. How do you justify the charges of sedition and murder if a vehicle’s windshield is smashed? “
- SKM is the coordinating organization for the farmers unions leading the ongoing protest.
EU proposes effective ban on new petrol and diesel cars from 2035
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; The European Union on Wednesday proposed an effective ban on the sale of new gasoline and diesel cars from 2035 which, as part of a global climate package, will accelerate the shift to zero-emission electric vehicles (EVs).
- The EU executive, the European Commission, has proposed a 55% reduction in CO2 emissions from cars by 2030 from 2021 levels, far more than the existing target of a reduction of 37, 5% of CO2 emissions from cars for the time.
- The Commission has also proposed a 100% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2035, which would make it impossible to sell new vehicles running on fossil fuels in the bloc of 27 countries.
- In order to boost sales of electric vehicles, Brussels also proposed legislation that would require countries to install public charging stations along main roads with a maximum distance of 60 km between them by 2025.
- The launch of electric vehicles is expected to create 3.5 million public charging stations for cars and vans by 2030, and that number will increase to 16.3 million by 2050. Even when buyers have been able to pay full price for a partial or fully electric vehicle. , many have been put off by “range anxiety” due to the lack of public charging stations.
- Automakers had telegraphed that they would only agree to stricter emissions targets in exchange for massive public investment in chargers.
- All of the Commission’s proposals will need to be negotiated and approved by EU member states and the European Parliament, which could take around two years.
- Low-emission car sales surged in Europe last year, even as the Covid-19 pandemic sent overall vehicle sales plummeting, with one in nine new cars sold being electric or plug-in hybrids.
Bush says withdrawal from Afghanistan was a mistake, feared by women
Daily NEWS Summary | 14-07-2021; Former US President George W. Bush criticized the western withdrawal from Afghanistan in an interview with a German broadcaster published on Wednesday, saying he feared that Afghan women and girls would “suffer unspeakable harm.”
- When asked in an interview with the German international television station Deutsche Welle if the withdrawal was a mistake, the war in Afghanistan began under Bush after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.
- The withdrawal of US and NATO troops launched earlier this year by current President Joe Biden is coming to an end. Taliban fighters swarmed from district to district, taking control of large swaths of the country.
- From June to December 2020, India was the main source of government inquiries, accounting for 25% of global volume and 15% of specified global accounts, according to Twitter’s transparency report for the second half of 2020.
The Minister of Trade and Textiles, Piyush Goyal, has been appointed Head of the Chamber in Rajya Sabha. Former Union Minister Thawarchand Gehlot, who had held this post, was appointed Governor of Karnataka. Parliamentary Affairs Minister Pralhad Joshi congratulated Goyal on Wednesday for formalizing his appointment.
The number of reported coronavirus cases in India was 3,09,70,214 at the time of this bulletin, with a death toll of 4,11,693.