Supreme Court sets July 31 deadline at Center, says ensuring food gets to migrant workers
Daily NEWS Summary | 29-06-2021; A government cannot “abdicate” its obligations to feed migrant workers, especially during a pandemic, simply because they did not have ration cards, the Supreme Court said in a ruling on Tuesday.
- The court set July 31 as the deadline for the Center and states to guarantee their “mandatory obligation” that none of the estimated 38 million migrant workers, who represent a quarter of the country’s population, go hungry for a while. the pandemic.
- These workers have also made “considerable contributions” to the country’s economic growth and development, the lawsuit noted.
- The court ordered state governments to develop plans to distribute dry rations to migrant workers by July 31. “Union States / Territories must make extra efforts to reach out to migrant workers so that no migrant worker is denied two meals a day,” Judge Bhushan said
- The Center must provide any additional quantity of food grains requested by a State. The allocation of additional food grains and the operation of community kitchens in prominent places to feed workers must continue throughout the pandemic, the court ordered.
- The right to food, one of the “basic needs of life”, is an integral part of the right to live in dignity, the court told the government.
- He ordered all states to fully implement the One Nation One (ONORC) ration card by July 31. The plan allows migrant workers covered by the National Food Security Act (NFSA) to access food in any store at a fair price with their ration card anywhere in the country.
- The court criticized the Ministry of Labor for its “unforgivable apathy” for not completing the work of the National Database 45.39 crore portal for unorganized workers (NDUW) to register and identify migrant workers and unorganized in order to guarantee their rights, well-being and food security. .
- The court ordered the ministry to finalize the NDUW module in 2018. The Center blamed the delay on “software” issues.
- Furthermore court ordered the Center to prepare and complete work on the portal by July 31. The Minister of Labor is due to table a report a month later.
- Center is expected to complete worker registration by December 31 of this year, otherwise all of its “welfare plans” would be considered “high claims on paper.”
- Judge Bhushan observed: “The ministry is not paying attention to the concerns of migrant workers. The ministry’s inaction is strongly frowned upon ”. The court said an unorganized worker was entitled to a direct bank transfer if there was state policy.
- The Court ordered the States / Union Territories to register establishments and authorize contractors under the Interstate Migrant Workers (Regulations of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act 1979 and s ” ensure that they provide the authorities with all the necessary details about the workers employed with them.
Why wait for Center approval ?, Bombay HC asks Maharashtra government on door-to-door vaccination
Daily NEWS Summary | 29-06-2021; On June 29, the Mumbai High Court asked the Maharashtra government why it needs approval from the Center to initiate a door-to-door vaccination program against Covid-19 for the elderly, specially trained and bedridden people in state.
- On June 29, the state government filed an affidavit with the HC, stating that home vaccination can be started on an experimental basis, but only for those who are completely immobile and bedridden; however, he also said that the proposal must first be approved by the Union government.
- Why wait for the approval of the Center ?, asks Bombay HC to the government of Maharashtra, about home vaccination
- The Mumbai High Court asked the Maharashtra government why it needed approval from the Center to launch a door-to-door Covid-19 vaccination program for the elderly, disabled and bedridden elderly in the state.
- The state government filed an affidavit with the HC, alleging that experimental home vaccination can be started, but only for those who are completely immobile and bedridden.
- However, he also said that the proposal will first have to be approved by the Union government.
- “Why does [the Maharashtra government] need approval? Health is also a matter of state. Does the state government do everything after getting approval from the Center?
- Have states such as Kerala, Bihar and Jharkhand obtained approval from the Union government?
- He asked a divisional bank of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Judge G.S. Kulkarni.
- The Chamber was hearing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) brought by two attorneys, Dhruti Kapadia and Kunal Tiwari, seeking to petition the Union government to initiate home immunizations for people over 75, people with disabilities. and those who are bedridden.
- Previously, the Union government had said that door-to-door vaccination could not be introduced today for a variety of reasons, including wasted vaccines and the risk of an adverse reaction to the vaccine.
- The court then asked the Maharahstra government if it was ready to start door-to-door vaccination in the state.
- In its affidavit, the State Family Welfare Board stated that the Maharashtra government follows the guidelines set by the Union government for immunization and that to date (the state) has not requested home vaccination.
- According to the affidavit, door-to-door vaccination can be introduced on an experimental basis for bedridden people.
- He said that even for these people, the person’s doctor must issue a certificate stating that the person is not likely to have any adverse reaction to the vaccine, and if there is such a reaction, the doctor in question will fully handle and administer, appropriate medical treatment for the person.
- The affidavit also states that the affected person’s family members must provide their written consent before the vaccine is administered to the person at home.
- “To avoid vaccine waste, at least 10 affected beneficiaries must be available nearby, because one vial contains 10 doses of vaccine,” he added.
- The affidavit states that if the state government accepts this proposal, it will be sent to the Center for approval. The court published the case for a new hearing on June 30.
Cipla gets government green light to import Moderna’s Covid-19 vaccine
Daily NEWS Summary | 29-06-2021; Cipla Ltd. received approval from the country’s drug regulator on Tuesday to import the Covid-19 vaccine developed by Moderna Inc. for restricted emergency use.
- Niti Aayog (Health) member V.K. Paul said that authorization has been granted for a new restricted drug for Moderna’s vaccine, paving the way for the vaccine to be imported into India. It will be the fourth vaccine for India.
- Cipla had requested permission to import the Moderna vaccine on June 28, referring to the DCGI notices dated April 15 and June 1 stating that if the USFDA approves a vaccine for the US, it can obtain a marketing authorization without establishing the link between testing and evaluation. security data of the first 100 beneficiaries.
- Moderna also reported that the US government agreed to donate multiple doses of Moderna vaccine to India through COVAX and requested approval from the Central Drug Control Organization (CDSCO) for these vaccines.
- Several foreign vaccine manufacturers such as Pfizer and Moderna have demanded a compensation bond that will exempt them from legal action should the vaccines have any adverse effect when administered in India.
Aadhaar will be accepted as proof of identity for GRE, TOEFL
Daily NEWS Summary | 29-06-2021; Indian students taking the GRE or TOEFL tests will be able to use their Aadhaar cards as proof of identity from July 1.
- In making the announcement, the Educational Testing Service (ETS) said Tuesday that many students have had difficulty obtaining passports due to Covid. -19 confinements.
- The ETS runs both the Graduate Enrollment Exams (GRE) and the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), standardized tests that are an admission requirement for many universities in the United States and elsewhere.
- According to the ETS website, a passport is so far the only accepted proof of identity for those taking the tests in India.
- This is a temporary measure, which takes effect from July 1 and will apply until further notice, according to a statement from ETS.
Monsoon session of Parliament probably July 19
Daily NEWS Summary | 29-06-2021; The monsoon session of Parliament is scheduled to start on July 19 and last until August 13. At this time, it’s unclear whether existing Covid-19 protocols will continue. So far, 403 members of the 540 members of Lok Sabha and 179 members of the 232 of Rajya Sabha have received both doses of the vaccine.
- This session will have 20 sessions. Since the start of the pandemic, all three sessions of Parliament have had to be truncated due to the growing number of positive cases of Covid-19.
- This will be the first session since the May 2 results of elections to the Assembly in four states and the Union Territory of Pondicherry.
- After the victory of the TMC in West Bengal, the DMK in Tamil Nadu and the Left Front led by the CPI (M) in Kerala, the opposition will be in a position of strength.
- The opposition parties should resume management of the pandemic, including the second wave, and the vaccination campaign.
The US State Department has announced the appointment of Atul Keshap, a senior foreign service official with years of experience in South Asia, as Charge d’Affaires ad interim (CDA) in New Delhi, replacing by Daniel Smith, who is retiring.
- Keshap’s appointment highlights the fact that the White House has yet to send the appointment of Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti to the US Senate, whose name has been dragging on as ambassador to New Delhi since late May.
- Keshap was previously the United States Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives and played a key role in the development of defense relations between the United States and the Maldives.
- He also served as Assistant Assistant Secretary for South Asia and was previously stationed at the United States Embassy in New Delhi.
Covid Updates: The number of reported coronavirus cases in India was 3,03,41,996 at the time of this report, with a death toll of 3,97,985.