According to a Lancet study, Covid-19 is mainly spread in the air.
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; There is consistent and strong evidence to show that the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes the Covid-19 pandemic, is mainly transmitted by air, according to a new assessment published in The Lancet on Friday.
- Analysis by six experts from the UK, US and Canada said public health measures that do not treat the virus as primarily airborne leave people unprotected and allow the virus to spread.
- The evidence supporting airborne transmission is overwhelming and the evidence supporting large droplet transmission is almost non-existent, said José-Luis Jiménez, of the University of Colorado at Boulder in the United States.
- Researchers have highlighted widespread events, such as last year’s Skagit Choir outbreak in the United States, in which 53 people were infected from a single infected case.
- Studies have confirmed that these events cannot be properly explained by close contact or by contact with shared surfaces or objects, the researchers said in their assessment.
- They noted that SARS-CoV-2 transmission rates are much higher indoors than outdoors, and transmission is significantly reduced by indoor ventilation.
- Further team cited previous studies that estimate that silent transmission (asymptomatic or presymptomatic) of SARS-CoV-2 from people who do not cough or sneeze accounts for at least 40% of all transmissions.
- The researchers also highlighted work showing long-term transmission of the virus between people in adjacent hotel rooms, who have never been in the presence of other people.
- On the contrary, the team found little or no evidence that the virus spreads easily through large droplets, which quickly fall into the air and contaminate surfaces.
- The assessment has serious implications for public health measures designed to mitigate the pandemic, the researchers said.
- They said “droplet measures” such as hand washing and surface cleaning, while important, should be given less emphasis than airborne measures, which deal with inhaling of airborne infectious particles.
- According to the researchers, if an infectious virus is mainly airborne, a person can potentially become infected when they inhale the aerosols produced when an infected person exhales, speaks, howls, sings or sneezes.
- They noted that some airborne transmission control measures include ventilation, air filtration, reducing overcrowding, and the time people spend indoors.
- According to the researchers, the use of masks indoors, attention to the quality and fit of masks and the highest quality PPE for healthcare workers and others working in contact with other control measures are potentially infectious people.
Center promises more oxygen for U.P. , Chhattisgarh
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan has informed Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh that their demand for giant 10 and 45 liter oxygen cylinders and additional high flow nasal cannula ventilators will be met very soon, according to a press release from the Union’s Ministry of Health.
- Union Home Secretary Ajay Kumar Bhalla has also written to all states to ensure that no restrictions are placed on the flow of medical oxygen between states and territories in the Union.
- In the letter, he called on states not to limit supply to only hospitals run in a particular state.
- Bhalla and Bhushan chaired high-level meetings on Friday to review the state of Covid-19 in Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.
- Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states with more than one lakh of active cases.
- Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh both report a very high number of new daily cases and a high number of deaths.
- The ministry said Chhattisgarh reported an almost 6.2% increase in new weekly cases based on the 7-day moving average.
- Uttar Pradesh has reported a 19.25% growth rate in new daily cases. 46 districts of Uttar Pradesh exceeded the highest number of reported cases in the last 30 days: Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi and Prayagraj are the most affected districts.
Serum Institute executive director calls on US to lift commodity export embargo
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; Adar Poonawalla, CEO of the Serum Institute of India (SII), the world’s largest vaccine maker, tweeted an appeal to US President Joe Biden on Friday calling for the lifting of the embargo on US commodity exports, which, according to him, harms his Covid -19 doses production.
- SII manufactures the AstraZeneca COVID vaccine. The call comes as the World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday urged countries in the Southeast Asian region to apply all the tools to prevent new infections and save lives.
Gujarat HC asks government to release data on tests and deaths
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; A day after raising doubts about the actual number of Covid-19 cases and the figures given by the state government during its hearing on the suo motu petition initiated by it, the Gujarat High Court requested on Friday that the state release actual data in RT. -CRP tests and people who tested positive for Covid-19.
- In an order issued on Friday, Supreme Court Chief Justice Vikram Nath’s division bank and Judge Bhargav Karia also asked the state government to disclose the actual number of patients who died from Covid-19 and those who had died in comorbid conditions.
- The court noted that transparency is needed to remove the general idea from people’s minds that data shared by the government on Covid-19 tests and positive cases was not accurate. Insisting on transparency, the Court considered that it did not benefit the State not to provide real and real data.
- High Court recommended that the government establish an “honest and transparent dialogue” with the public in order to build public trust.
- Bench noted that such reliance would eventually “persuade the general public to adhere strictly to the standard mask-wearing protocol in this dire situation.”
- On the plight of people running from one hospital to another in search of beds for their loved ones, they asked the Rupani government to create an ‘online portal that provides details of the availability of empty beds and occupied beds in different categories for COVID patients for everyone. the neighborhoods.
IMD Forecasts Normal Monsoon
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; India is expected to receive “normal” monsoon rains this year, the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said as part of its official April forecast. With the exception of parts of eastern and northeastern India, many parts of the country are expected to receive “above normal” rainfall, according to IMD models.
- The “normal” precipitation refers to a range: 96% -104% of the mean long period (LPA) of 88 cm.
- Earlier this week, private weather forecasting company Skymet Weather also said it expected India to receive normal rainfall, but said it was likely 103% of LPA, while IMD on Friday estimated it at 98% of the LPA.
- The April forecast, which is based on an analysis of certain climatic factors in March, is updated in May with estimates of monsoon performance in different geographic regions.
- In 2019, the IMD predicted an LPA of 96% in April, but India ended up with a record storm surge of 110%. In 2020 it declared 100% LPA, but India finished with 109%. IMD officials, however, said such excessive rains were unlikely this year.
UK Home Office approves extradition of Nirav Modi
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; The UK Home Office approved the extradition of diamond merchant Nirav Modi to India in connection with the Punjab National Bank fraud of ₹ 13,758 crore, approximately two months after the Westminster Magistrates Court in London ruled that a prima facie case had been established against him.
- The businessman had fled the country with his relatives in January 2018. At the request of India, he was arrested in London on March 19, 2019, and has since been detained there by justice.
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; The number of reported coronavirus cases in India stood at 1,44,85,313 at the time of publication of this bulletin, with the death toll at 1,75,376.
The Union Ministry of Health has advised the central ministries and their PSU’s to dedicate their hospital beds to the management of Covid-19 in the states / UTs and to ensure that the details of these hospitals / blocks are dedicated to the public.
- In a statement issued on Friday, the ministry said: “To significantly increase the hospital infrastructure for the effective clinical management of critically ill patients with Covid-19 throughout the country, the Ministry of Health has advised all the central offices of the ministries give instructions to hospitals.
The Election Commission on Friday ordered the campaign to stop for the last three phases of the eight-phase West Bengal election, including the extension of the period of silence before the vote from 48 hours to 72 hours and the ban of any campaign from 7 p.m. at 10 a.m., in light of the increase in Covid-19 cases. The EC decision came on the eve of the fifth phase of the elections on Saturday.
Haffkine Biopharma Corporation, Mumbai, has received approval from the Union government to manufacture Covaxin, a coronavirus vaccine from Bharat Biotech, on the basis of a technology transfer.
- The state government sent the proposal to the Center the last week of February saying that Haffkine’s infrastructure, known for vaccine production, could be used for corona vaccine production in the country.
Yeddyurappa, Javadekar tested positive
Daily NEWS Summary | 16-04-2021; Karnataka Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa tested positive for Covid-19. This is the second time he has contracted the infection and is under treatment at Manipal Hospital. He had tested positive for Covid-19 for the first time in August 2020. Yeddyurappa also received the first dose of vaccination.
- Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar announced on Twitter on Friday that he had tested positive for Covid-19. Union Labor Minister Santosh Kumar Gangwar and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath are also quarantined with the Covid-19 infection.