Supreme Court may revise 50% maximum limit on Reservation
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; Today’s top NEWS, the Supreme Court may have opened up the possibility of reconsidering the cap on the total reservation.
- It is considered as a move that may affect the challenge to the legality of a Tamil Nadu reservation law which allows a 69% quota in state government jobs and educational institutions.
- A three-judge tribunal headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan on March 3 postponed a hearing on a challenge to the law.
- Further choosing to wait for a constitutional court to rule on the validity of the law in Maratha quotas.
- However, on Monday, the Constitution Bench, headed by Judge Bhushan, decided to broaden its scope and reconsider whether the reservation limit could exceed the 50% cap as some states like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have done.
- Summarily, the court decided to consider whether its 1992 Indira Sawhney judgment, which set the upper limit of 50% for reservation.
- Furthermore, the Bench has issued a notice to states, giving them the opportunity to clarify their position on the 50% reservation bar.
- Although the Court kept in the background the question of the legality of the Tamil backward classes, Scheduled castes and tribes (reservation of seats in educational establishments and appointments or positions in the services of the State) of 1993.
- In the background on March 3, the This issue is expected to be debated in the Constitutional Court in the coming days.
- Hence, the postponement of the Tamil Nadu case on March 3 had distracted attention from the state’s reservation law as the state was preparing for the assembly elections.
- Reason behind this development is Tamil Nadu’s 1993 quota law was challenged in a high court by a student, C.V. Gayathri, through his father, S. Vaitheeswaran.
- Ms Gayathri had said that the Tamil Nadu Reservation Act 1993 establishes a 69% reservation on admissions and utilities, which is arbitrary, unreasonable and excessive.
Parliamentarians from Election-Linked States Call for Shortened Budget Session
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; Lok Sabha members from West Bengal, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Pondicherry, who are linked to the polls, have called for an early reduction in the second part of the budget session, which began on Monday morning.
- Nearly 145 lawmakers wrote to Om Birla asking for the same.
- On Monday, during the Lok Sabha Business Advisory Committee (BAC), the leaders of several parties advanced the same opinion.
- While leaders of the Trinamool Congress (TMC) and DMK were not present at the meeting, the issue was debated.
- Mr Birla has met some one-on-one leaders to get a feel for the situation, he would only make a decision after learning the “House sense” of it.
- While the Shiv Sena has said it will accept whatever the government decides on the matter.
- While, YSRCP was one of the few parties who believed that the days lost if the session was shortened should be made up for.
- Trinamool Congress, in letters to Venkaiah Naidu and Mr. Birla, noted the precedents of 2011 and 2008, when the session was also shortened.
- In the letter to Mr Naidu, TMC national spokesperson and leader of Rajya Sabha, Derek O’Brien, suggested that, due to the elections his party’s MPs would not be able to attend the session of parliament.
- He cited the example of the 222nd session, which started on February 21, 2011 and was due to end on April 21, 2011.
- However, due to the Assembly elections in Assam, Kerala, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu and in West Bengal, the House was adjourned sine die on March 25, 2011.
- Another example he provided was session 214, which began on October 17, 2008 and was suspended at the beginning of October 24, 2008 to meet again on December 10, 2008.
- According to the original schedule, that session was to continue till November 21, 2008.
- However, the House was suspended until December 10, 2008.
- The government began communicating with opposition parties seeking to close the session earlier.
- A section of congress leaders back the request, including Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury, but the rest of the party believes it will send the wrong message.
In other parliamentary debates, the Rajya Sabha was suspended for a day on Monday after opposition MPs began shouting slogans against fuel prices in the country.
- Lok Sabha has also seen multiple postponements due to opposition protests. The lower house will resume on Tuesday at 11 a.m.
The Supreme Court has the highest respect for women, says CJI
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad A. Bobde said on Monday that as an institution, SC has the highest respect for femininity.
- Recently press reports citing him as having asked a alleged rapist who married his victim were completely misquoted.
- The CJI made its position clear on International Women’s Day when it heard a plea from a 14-year-old rape victim calling for the termination of pregnancy.
- On March 1, in a virtual hearing, various outlets reported that CJI asked a lawyer for a rape defendant if her client would be willing to marry the victim or risk going to jail.
- The attorney returned later that day and said his client refused because he was already married.
- On Monday, the CJI said that some people were seeking to tarnish the image of justice and that a counter-decision mechanism was needed.
- The court said that the reputation of the judiciary is in the hands of the bar.
- Attorney General Tushar Mehta said CJI’s March 1 comments were in fact distorted out of context.
- Last couple of days, a wave of outrage followed the CJI’s comments.
- According to the prosecution, the defendant had raped the girl several times since she was in high school.
Major sent into custody in leaked military examination
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; A 47-year-old army officer arrested for a leaked recruitment test in Pune was taken into police custody, through March 15.
- Pune police told the extraordinary session judge S.R. Navandar that Major T. Murugan had been arrested in Tamil Nadu, he passed the questionnaire on to other defendants.
- The police invoked the relevant sections of the IPC as well as the Prevention of Corruption Law.
- So far, six people have been arrested, including three military personnel, for the leak that took place on February 28.
Southampton World Trials Championship final, Ganguly confirms
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; India will play its first World Championship final against New Zealand at the Ageas Bowl in Southampton from June 18-22, as BCCI President Sourav Ganguly confirmed.
- Initially, the final was to take place at Lord’s, but Southampton, with a five-star facility inside the stadium, will allow both the ICC and the England and Wales Cricket Board to create a bio-bubble for the two teams.
- India qualified for the marquee clash after beating England 3-1 in a series of tests that just ended.
- The BCCI president, who took a medical break after undergoing bypass surgery, is expected to travel to the UK to watch the final match.
- Southampton, with its slow track, puts India on a par with New Zealand when spinners enter the game on the spot.
Women farmers in the spotlight in ongoing protests
Daily NEWS Summary | 08-03-2021; Thousands of women farmers organized protest marches and gave speeches at the Singhu, Tikri and Ghazipur protest sites on the Delhi border on International Women’s Day.
- Noting that women are making significant contributions to the country’s agricultural sector, organizers drew up elaborate plans for women farmers to manage the stage, organize food and safety, and share stories about their struggles on the occasion.
Covid Update: The number of reported coronavirus cases in India is 1,12,31,380 at the time of publication of this bulletin with the death toll at 1,59,279.