29th October 2020

Confidant Classes

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Daily NEWS Summary: 28.09.2020

Sonia calls on CMs to consider introducing laws to overturn Center farm bills

Congress President Sonia Gandhi has ordered senior ministers from four Congress-ruled states (Punjab, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Pudducherry) to explore the possibility of enacting laws repealing the three agricultural laws adopted by Parliament during its monsoon session.

  • Party (organization) general secretary KC Venugopal said the four states have been called upon to pass laws under Article 254 (2) of the Constitution, which allows state legislatures to pass a law repealing a law.
  • Legislation thus adopted must obtain the consent of the President in order to become law. Article 254 (2) of the Constitution essentially authorizes a state government to pass a law, on any subject appearing on the competing list, which may contradict a central law, provided that it obtains the consent of the president.
  • At the end of 2014, the BJP government of Rajasthan took the same path to make changes to the basic labor laws; the Factories Act, the Labor Disputes Act and the Employment Contracts Act, which subsequently obtained the consent of the president.
  • The Punjab, the Chhattisgarh are already looking for alternatives; the government of the Punjab led by the chief minister, Captain Amarinder Singh, has already started to work in this direction.
  • He had considered amending the current Agricultural Market Committee law and declaring the entire state as the main shipyard.
  • This would bypass the provisions of the Agricultural Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020, which was passed in Parliament.
  • Mandi Shipyards’ statement ensures that any acquisition outside their jurisdiction is considered illegal, farmers do not get a lower price than MSP, and the state collects their fees from Mandi.
  • Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel also recently said his government would take steps to ensure that private actors do not enter the agricultural sector.
  • At least 40% of the rice production in Chattisgarh is acquired by Food Corporation of India for the central fund. And unlike Punjab and Haryana, where farmers have large tracts of land, 86% of Chhattisgarh’s land is less than 5 acres.
  • Farmer law protesters torched tractor at Indian Gate; A tractor was set on fire at India Gate in Delhi on Monday by a group of men protesting against farm laws.
  • Eish Singhal, DCP (New Delhi), said around 15-20 people gathered in Rajpath near the India Gate around 7.15am. and they tried to set a tractor on fire.
  • The fire was extinguished and the tractor was withdrawn. According to police, eyewitnesses said the protesters carried the tractor in a truck and, after reaching Rajpath, pushed it onto the road and set it on fire. Protesters held up photographs of Bhagat Singh and raised slogans against agricultural laws recently passed by parliament.

UPSC says it is not possible to postpone the review; The petitioners claim fundamental rights are violated: The Union Civil Service Commission (UPSC) on Monday expressed reluctance to postpone civil service exams scheduled for October 4.

  • Khanwilkar, UPSC lawyer Naresh Kaushik, said it would no longer be possible to postpone exams as they had already been postponed due to the pandemic.
  • Kaushik said “further delay may defeat the goal of taking the exams. The court asked UPSC to submit an affidavit by September 29. The court agreed to hear again. the case on Wednesday.
  • The petition, filed by some candidates, says that conducting the exam in the midst of a dangerous public health crisis violated the fundamental right to life of thousands of candidates.
  • About six lakh candidates are expected to take the exams at 72 centers. With the infection rate peaking, the test is believed to be a cause of the spread of the virus, the statement said.
  • Since many students may choose not to take the exam for fear of contracting the virus, students’ fundamental right to realize their career aspirations in public administration is curtailed, he argued.
  • He also accuses the UPSC of violating the right to equality, as applicants from the lower middle classes may not be able to afford the cost of transportation, accommodation and other facilities to take the exam during the exam.

Age, Covid will likely prevent Babri from appearing in court on verdict day

A special IWC tribunal in Lucknow to deliver judgment in Babri Masjid demolition case on Wednesday, nearly 28 years after the monument was demolished by karsevaks . From the Mughal Times to Ayodhya on December 6, 1992, BJP leader and former Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani, his colleagues Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti and Kalyan Singh are among the accused.

  • However, it is unlikely that all of them can survive in person during the pandemic as some of them are elderly or sick. While Advani is 92, Joshi 86, Singh 88 and Mahant Nritya Gopal Das 82.
  • Five of the defendants are ill, said K.K. Mishra, one of the defense lawyers. While Bharti tested positive for Covid-19, Singh was admitted to hospital. Mahant Das is being treated at his ashram and another accused, Satish Pradhan, is in a wheelchair after suffering from gangrene.
  • “Nothing is official at the moment, but given the circumstances, we can estimate that it will not be possible [for those accused of being ill] to come,” Mishra said.
  • Although the court interviewed 351 prosecution witnesses, Mishra said they did not present any witnesses in court because it was difficult to find one among the group [who had gathered in Ayodhya].
  • Leading lawyers noted that it is common for the defense to not present many witnesses in criminal cases. The IWC judge ordered the 32 defendants in the criminal conspiracy case to appear in court in person on Wednesday.

Delhi High Court restricts access to online hearings

A Delhi High Court bench ordered that the link to its court proceedings, currently conducted by video conference (VC) due to the Covid-19 pandemic, not or not share with members of the public, including journalists.

  • Earlier this year, according to barnadbench.com, the Delhi High Court issued a circular allowing the public to search video conferencing links for their virtual audience.
  • Incidentally, according to data released by the Superior Court earlier this month, 95% of litigants and lawyers preferred the online or VC mode to the physical hearing.

The number of coronavirus cases reported in India was 61,21,310 at the time of this news summary, with a death toll of 96,136. Kerala’s Health Minister KK Shailaja said today the state is witnessing a second wave of infections and warned of another lockdown.

  • Meanwhile, Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport will resume flight operations at Terminal T2 from October 1. The terminal remained closed due to the coronavirus crisis.
  • The Home Office (MHA) extended the ban of the Nagaland-Khaplang National Socialist Council (NSCN-K) by notifying it as an “illegal association” under the Illicit Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA )).
  • The Naga insurgent group, since its first ban in 2015, has been involved in 104 violent incidents, which have resulted in the deaths of seven security personnel and six civilians, and the kidnapping of 75 civilians, MHA said. in a notice published on Monday.
  • The insurgent group had repealed the ceasefire agreement with the Center in 2015 and carried out a series of attacks, including an ambush that killed 18 soldiers in Manipur the same year.
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