22nd October 2020

Confidant Classes

A Premier Judicial Service Coaching

Daily NEWS Summary: 28.08.2020

Supreme Court today upheld the validity of the decision by some states to cancel last year’s UGC exams due to Covid-19. These exams must be completed by September 30. However, the court added that students cannot be promoted until they pass the exams.

  • States can ask the UGC for an extension of the review deadline. Your request will be taken into account by the UGC as soon as possible. Besides Maharashtra and Delhi, other states that have canceled UGC exams include Odisha, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.
  • A bench led by Judge Ashok Bhushan has argued that state disaster management authorities have acted beyond their jurisdiction in trying to promote the elderly without scrutiny.
  • However, the court did not overturn UGC’s July 6 directive to conduct the exams by September 30.
  • This case only concerned states that had unilaterally canceled UGC reviews using their powers under the Disaster Management Act.
  • Six non-BJP states move SC against JEE / NEET conduct: Ministers from six non-BJP states moved Supreme Court against JEE Mains and NEET conduct amid pandemic, saying thousands of young people students should not fall victim to the Centre’s “instinctive” and “fortuitous” plans, which could prove to be “worse than the disease itself”.
  • The National Testing Agency (NTA) had notified the JEE from September 1 to 9. NEET is scheduled for September 13.
  • The JEE is expected to take place in 660 test centers with 9.53 lakh students. This would mean around 1,443 students in each center. Likewise, NEET will host 15.97 lakh students in 3,843 centers across the country or approximately 415 students in one testing center.
  • West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Punjab have transferred the court through lawyer Sunil Fernandes. The petition from these states comes shortly after a meeting between the head of Congress, Sonia Gandhi, and key chief ministers from those states outside the BJP.
Shinzo Abe resigns as Prime Minister of Japan citing health reasons

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the longest-serving Japanese prime minister, announced his resignation today due to health concerns. This ends an eight-year stint at the head of the world’s third-largest economy.

“I have decided to resign from my post as Prime Minister, with the conviction that I cannot remain Prime Minister if I do not have the confidence to carry out the work that people have entrusted to me”,

said said Abe (65)

He said he has decided to step down now to avoid a political vacuum as the country grapples with its new coronavirus outbreak.

“I apologize from the bottom of my heart that despite all the support from the Japanese people, I am stepping down with a full year in office and amid various politics and coronaviruses,”

Abe said.
  • This was the second time that Abe had resigned his post as prime minister due to health problems. Likewise, he resigned in 2007 after a year as prime minister, citing illness.
  • He has battled ulcerative colitis for years and two recent hospital visits within a week had fueled speculation that he might not be able to serve his sentence.
  • Former Defense Minister Shigeru Ishiba and former Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida quickly expressed interest in the high-level post, according to Reuters, media reported. Among others whose names have been released is Abe’s close associate, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga.

A record one-day spike of 77,266 infections in one day, as shown in Union Health Ministry data updated at 8 a.m. August 28 marked the highest single-day peak for any country in the world.

  • According to data from JohnsHopkins University, 77,255 new cases reported in the United States on July 17, 2020 was the previous record. India is currently in third place in the number of cases after the United States and Brazil.
  • In terms of deaths, India recorded the fourth highest mortality, after the United States, Brazil and Mexico.
  • The number of reported coronavirus cases in India was 34,56,147 at the time of this news summary, with a death toll of 62,708.
  • The Supreme Court has rejected a petition to postpone the elections to the Bihar Assembly due to the current coronavirus crisis.
  • The Assembly vote is expected to take place in November. However, the dates have yet to be announced.

“Covid-19 cannot be a reason to stop the elections and interfere with the powers of the Election Commission,”

said Judge Ashok Bhushan.

UN Secretary General denounces India’s push for fossil fuels like coal

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on Friday criticized India for subsidizing fossil fuels and encouraging sales coal auction. His comments were part of the Darbari Seth conference organized by the Energy Resources Institute, Delhi, which was also attended by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, S. Jaishankar.

“Clean energy and reducing the energy access deficit are good business. They are the ticket to growth and prosperity. Yet here in India, fossil fuel subsidies are still seven times higher than clean energy subsidies. The continued support for fossil fuels in so many parts of the world is deeply concerning, ”

he said in a prerecorded message.
  • His criticism is significant in light of Prime Minister Modi, who launched an auction for 41 commercial mining coal blocks on June 18, under the leadership of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan of India.
  • During the launch, Modi said this marked not only the implementation of reforms in the coal mining sector, but also the creation of billions of jobs and that it would free the sector from decades of “lockdown”.
  • The government had decided to spend rupees. 50,000 crore in the creation of infrastructure for coal mining and transportation.
  • However, the decision to auction these blocks has been severely criticized, with independent analysts pointing out that it will result in the destruction of the virgin forests of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh (where some of these potential blocks are located). Others said that investing in pollution from coal-fired power plants was bad economic policy.

The Home Office notifies J&K of the new administration rules

The Home Office (MHA) notified on Friday the new administration rules in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir that specify the roles of the Lieutenant Governor (LG) and of the Council of Ministers.

  • According to the commercial transaction rules, “the police, public order, all Indian services and the fight against corruption” will be under the executive functions of the GL, which implies that the prime minister or the Council of Ministers will not . you will have no say in how they work.
  • The rules notified by the Secretary of the Interior Ajay Kumar Bhalla state that matters affecting the peace and tranquility of UT or the interests of any minority community “shall be referred primarily to the Lieutenant Governor through the Chief Secretary, under the advice of the Prime Minister, before issuing orders. “
  • In the case of a difference of opinion between the GL and a minister when an agreement could not be reached even after a month, the “decision of the lieutenant governor will be considered accepted by the Council of Ministers”, please note the rules.
  • The government is seeking to raise around Rs. Rs 5,000 crore by selling up to 15% of the capital of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The “sale offer” takes place on Thursdays and Fridays.
  • HAL said in a stock exchange filing that the government would sell 33.43 million shares, a 10% stake, to institutional and retail investors on August 27 and 28.
  • In the event of oversubscription, an additional participation of 5% or 16.71 million shares would be offered. The minimum offering price was set at Rs 1,001 per share, a 15% reduction from Wednesday’s closing price of Rs 1,177.75.
  • Congressman and businessman H. Vasanthakumar died of Covid-19 at a private hospital in Chennai on Friday evening. He was 70 years old. He was Acting Chairman of the TNCC and represents the constituency of Kanniyakumari Lok Sabha. He was previously an MP who was elected in the Nanguneri Assembly constituency.
  • Lok Sabha president Om Birla chaired a meeting of officials from both houses of parliament, the health ministry and other agencies on Friday to finalize preparations for the next monsoon session. The session will likely start on September 14 and end on October 1. Birla had also held a meeting with the general secretaries of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on Thursday.
  • The IPL Chennai Super Kings (CSK) team will extend their quarantine period until early next week after some members of the contingent tested positive for the coronavirus when they landed in Dubai for IPL. While franchise officials were silent on the matter, Sportstar learned that the test reports of at least ten members of the franchise, which includes a fast pitcher who played for India, have tested positive.
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